Wide Variety of Roof Material Options

Roof Material Options

Roofing options are now more readily available than before. They come in a wide array of materials with different functions. These roofing styles greatly enhance the appearance and design of your home too. Different materials have their strengths and limitations so here are some tips on how to determine which one suits you.

Factors to Consider Before Choosing a Roofing MaterialStanding Seam Roof

  • Lifespan
  • Slope of the roof
  • Style of your house
  • Cost of the materials
  • Ability to withstand natural calamities
  • Its weight compared to the existing roof frame
  • Eco-friendliness of the roofing materials
  • Approval of the roof type by local building codes

Types of Roofing Available

Some examples of roofing materials commonly used in the market include;

  1. Asphalt Composition Shingles

Over 80% of the residential roofings are made from this material making it the most popular type used in homes; probably because it is cheaper. They deteriorate quickly due to UV rays and emit solvents into the air. Their dark color contributes to the ‘heat island effect’ of increased temperatures in the urban regions. They are not a very durable option as they are more prone to leaking and water damage. Depending on the weather, quality and surrounding trees, their longevity ranges from 12-20 years.

  1. Metal Roofs

Metal roofs are 100% recyclable at the end of its lifetime. However, when it rains, these will be a bit noisy which some people actually like. With time, probably 25 years, the screws might need replacement because of damage from the UV rays. It is also recommended to install snow guards. Metal roofs are bound to last for at least 50 years or more.

  1. Wooden Roof

Wood Shingles

Also known as cedar shingles, they are low energy, and highly resistant to rot, moisture and wind. They give your home a natural like appearance. These appear thin and flat. They are not allowed in some areas prone to fire hazards. Hail can also cause the shingles to split. Depending on the type of finish, they stain every 5 to 15 years. They have an average lifespan of at least 30 years.

Wood Shakes

Thick wood shakes can serve you for 35-40 years, but they need constant maintenance. These are split from the logs. Shakes are more resistant than shingles. To ensure they last, remove debris soon as it falls, removes moss when it forms, replace curled, cupped or split shakes right away.

  1. Green Roofs

There are two types of roofs; intensive and extensive green roofs.

An intensive roof is also called a rooftop garden. The soil is dug to a depth of up to 6 inches to support green and healthy small trees, shrubs, and vegetables. This blocks UV rays reducing the heat island effect. It also reduces runoff through absorption of rainwater. It, however, requires a lot of maintenance and you would have to factor in the cost of an irrigation system and creating access to the roof. If installed correctly, it can last from 30 to 50 years.

Extensive roofs provide similar benefits but only support the growth of drought resistant plants such as rosemary, thyme or chives. They are a bit heavier than your typical roof and may require additional structural work. Vegetable gardens don’t thrive well in extensive roofs because of their depth.

  1. Clay Tile

They are made from natural clay which is fired in a kiln. In other names, clay tiles are sometimes called Spanish tiles. They remain in relatively good shape. You should avoid walking on them as they can break.

  1. Concrete Tile

These are fire resistant and quite heavy too. They are less expensive than clay tiles and are durable. They are made from a mixture of sand and Portland cement. It is suitable for moderate and steep sloped roofs.

  1. Slate

It is made from natural slate rock/stone laid out on the roof. It has stood the test of time and is considered the best, oldest, and most durable material in the market. With a lifespan of 100 years, if installed correctly, it is well worth your money. It requires a strong structure for support as it is a heavy material. It provides resistance to both fire and wind. To ensure it continues to provide full functionality, replace your copper flashing if it turns black and replace broken tiles too.